Et al. is short for the Latin term et alia, meaning and others. It is used in academic citations when referring to a source with multiple authors: Hulme et al. (2019) argue that Different citation styles have different rules for when to use et al. Below, we explain the rules for APA, MLA, and Chicago Et al. essentially means and others, extra, or in addition. It is the abbreviated form of the Latin expression et alia (or et alii or et aliae, the masculine and feminine form of the plural, respectively). The abbreviation et al. often appears in academic documents
Et al. means and others, and abbreviates people in a list, while etc. can be used to abbreviate almost anything. A period is always used after et al., since the term is used to abbreviate the Latin term et alii. There are several rules, however, both formal and informal, that are required for proper usage of et al. Method Et al is a shortcut indicating that there are other names on the title that probably don't fit in the data field of the database you are looking at. You'll need to take a look at the actual deed. The relevant Registry of Deeds for the county in... 1 found this answer helpfu The expression et al., which is always followed by a period, stands for and others. So the greetings above would mean: Dear John and others, Hello, Kimia and others What Does Et Al Mean? Et al. is an abbreviation of et alia and it means and others. Most commonly, the expression indicates other authors in a bibliographic list, for example, Rodgers, Madison and Chambers et al The phrase et al.—from the Latin et alii, which literally means and others—must always be typed with a space between the two words and with a period after the l (since the al. is an abbreviation). A comma does not follow the abbreviation unless the sentence's grammar requires it
et al [etˈæl]ABBR=et alii, and others→ y col., y otros Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 200 Define et al.. et al. synonyms, et al. pronunciation, et al. translation, English dictionary definition of et al.. abbr. Latin et alii American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition et al. Et al. is a scholarly abbreviation of the Latin phrase et alia, which means and others. It is commonly used when you don't want to name all the people or things in a list, and works in roughly the same way as etc
et al. definition: 1. abbreviation for et alia: and others. It is used in formal writing to avoid a long list of names. Learn more The abbreviation et al. is Latin for et alii, which roughly translates to and others in English. It's used to indicate a list of people is continuing on. You're most likely to come across et al. in an academic reference. If several authors contributed to a text, study or report, consider using et al. if your stylebook allows Et al. is defined as an abbreviation for the Latin phrase et alia which means and others. An example of et. al. used as an abbreviation is in the sentence, The article was written by Smith, Jones, Paul, et al. which means that Smith, Jones, Paul and others wrote the article The abbreviation et al. is short for the Latin phrase et alia, meaning and others. When it appears on a property deed, it indicates that a list of items or persons named on the deed includes others as well. The abbreviation et al. also appear in many other contexts 1 Answer1. Active Oldest Votes. 24. The grammatically correct way is Einstein et al.'s paper, because to indicate possession by a noun phrase in English, the 's should be applied to the end of the phrase. However, I don't believe this specific construction is used much, as to me that looks somewhat unusual and feels informal
Et al. is used to shorten the list of names when a writer refers to a book, article or other published work that has three or more authors. Et al. means and others. It's an abbreviation of the Latin et alii. It's mainly used by academic writers when they cite other authors' work in a paper or article. In popular media, et al. may be et al: n. abbreviation for the Latin phrase et alii meaning and others. This is commonly used in shortening the name of a case, as in Pat Murgatroyd v. Sally Sherman, et al
That means that et al. is the only proper spelling of the phrase. Should I italicize et al.? Another key thing to note is that most major style guides (including APA, MLA, the Chicago Manual of Style, and Harvard) do not require et al. to be italicized. However, some field-specific publications require the italicization of the phrase, so it's. When writing research papers, most researchers would have come across the term et al. This is the abbreviation for a Latin phrase—written variously as et alii (masculine), et aliae (feminine), and et alia (neuter)—which means and others.The term et al. is mainly used for in-text citations of research papers having multiple authors, although some style guidelines also. . is used after a name or a list of names to indicate that other people are also involved. It is used especially when referring to books or articles which were written by more than two people Et Al. A Latin abbreviation meaning and others. It is used in many contexts to state that there are other parties involved. For example, one may refer to the authors of a book written by Marinelli, Moreno and Sookiasian as Marinelli et al. Likewise, legal documents would use the same shorthand if all three decided to sue their publisher et alibi (et al.) and elsewhere: A less common variant on et cetera (and the rest) used at the end of a list of locations to denote unenumerated/omitted ones. et alii (et al.) and others: Used similarly to et cetera (and the rest) to denote names that, usually for the sake of space, are unenumerated/omitted
Only use et al. in in-text citations. The abbreviation et al. is used only for in-text citations in the 7 th edition. This is a big change from the 6 th edition where it was also used in the reference list. This means that references in APA 7 do NOT use the phrase et al. In-text citation format with et al. The phrase et al. is. In citing such papers using the name-and-date system, also known as the Harvard system, a long string of names proves awkward—which is why most journals recommend the use of et al., which is Latin for et alii or et aliae and means and others.. Despite gaining an understanding of the meaning of et al., authors are often still confused. What does the abbreviation i.e. stand for? Meaning: that is. How to use i.e. in a sentence. What is the difference between the abbreviations i.e. and e.g. One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning and others. It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler. Note that et al. is italicized in this post when I am using it as a linguistic example,. This chapter discusses the analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Analyses of the Folin-Ciocalteu (FC) type are convenient, simple, and require only common equipment and have produced a large body of comparable data
Zhang, Y. et al. Safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in healthy adults aged 18-59 years: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 1/2. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Jump to navigation Jump to search. See also: étal, e tal, et. al, and et al abbreviation. 'Nonetheless, James Hansen et al. very much believe the goal is achievable if we act quickly and focus on all greenhouse gases, not just carbon dioxide.' et al. is an abbreviation. When read aloud, you pronounce the full term et alii (or et alia) - same as you would say et cetera when reading aloud the etc. abbreviation. Alternatively, you could say and others - same as you would say for example when reading aloud the e.g. abbreviation
Definition of et-al abbreviation in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more . UK / et ˈæl / DEFINITIONS 1. 1. used after a name to mean 'and other people whose names are not mentioned', especially people who have written a book together. Synonyms and related words +-Written abbreviations. abbreviation. acronym Fisher et al, Epilepsia 55 (4): 475-482, 2014 * Avoiding preconceptions associated with the words cure and remission. Resolved has the connotation of no longer present, but it does no
Atlas » Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps et al. ( adv.) and others ('et al.' is used as an abbreviation of `et alii' (masculine plural) or `et aliae' (feminine plural) or `et alia' (neuter plural) when referring to a number of people); the data reported by Smith et al. Synonyms: et al / et alii / et aliae / et alia. et al. ( adv.) and elsewhere (used when referring to other. et al in a sentence - Use et al in a sentence and its meaning 1. Interest Research, et al . for leave to file a brief as 2. WILTON ET AL . v . SEVEN FALLS CO . ET AL. click for more sentences of et al..
et al. (et alii), which means and others, indicates a list of people (usually authors). The abbreviation may be part of an in-text citation, a reference list, or shorthand for a previously mentioned (or well-known) publication Stücker et al., 1990 Analyze relation-ship between SAs and occupational exposure to HDs among nurses Matched case- controlled 4 French hospitals 466 women, 534 pregnancies Questionnaire 26% SA in 139 pregnancies in exposed women 15% SA in 357 pregnancies in unexposed women OR = 1.7 (95% CI 1.2-2.8) Cooke et al., 1991 Determine the oc. This video shows you how to pronounce ET AL. in British English. Speaker has an accent from West London, England. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionar..
Kawai et al., No association between Helicobacter pylori infection and diabetes mellitus among a general Japanese population: a cross-sectional study, SpringerPlus, vol. Chen et al ., Helicobacter pylori infection associated with type 2 diabetic nephropathy in patients with dyspeptic symptoms, Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol Et Seq. An abbreviation for the Latin et sequentes or et sequentia, meaning and the following.. The phrase et seq. is used in references made to particular pages or sections of cases, articles, regulations, or statutes to indicate that the desired information is continued on the pages or in the sections following a designated page or section, as p. 238 et seq. or section 43 et seq Limiting the analysis to adolescents, research shows that MML enactment has largely insignificant or even negative effects on youth marijuana use measures (Anderson et al. 2015, Choo et al. 2014, Gorman & Huber 2007, Harper et al. 2012, Hasin et al. 2015b, Lynne-Landsman et al. 2013), with only Wen et al. (2015) finding a significant increase. Definition of et-al abbreviation in Oxford Advanced American Dictionary. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more
Epidemiology. Many Western countries have witnessed an increase in the prevalence of early onset T2DM. New York experienced a 10-fold increase in T2DM in children between 1990 and 2000 [Grinstein et al. 2003].In the UK there was an eightfold increase in prescriptions for oral glucose lowering therapy between 1998 and 2005 [Hsia et al. 2009].The prevalence of T2DM in this study was estimated at. Et al. is a Latin term that means and others, and is used for in-text citations of works with multiple authors. The guidelines for using et al. vary slightly among the three major formatting styles. MLA uses et al. for works with three or more authors,.
et al: A common abbreviation of Latin et alii (masculine) or et aliæ (feminine), 'and others': used in legal captions: as, Smith, Brown, Jones, et al. et al - definition and meaning Communit Common Errors in Technical Writing John Owens. LaTeX is a wonderful system for text processing. English is a beautifully expressive language. However, in reviewing and reading many papers, I often see the same errors, over and over again Cates et. al. (2020) found that relatively little is known about variations in humpback whale stress physiology as compared to other parameters and life history traits, such as abundance, migratory trends, reproduction, behavior and communication (p.2) Et al. is short for 'el alia' that literally means 'and the others'. So it is important that you use the full stop at the end to complete the abbreviation. So we use et al. to indicate that there are three or four more authors other than the first surname that is given,. et al. pronunciation. How to say et al.. Listen to the audio pronunciation in English. Learn more
Minaguchi et al., Correlation between expression of the matrix metalloproteinase-1 gene in ovarian cancers and an insertion/deletion polymorphism in its promoter region, Cancer Research, vol. A Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 Polymorphism, MMP1-1607 (1G>2G), Is Associated with Increased Cancer Risk: A Meta-Analysis Including 21,327 Patient .' is used as an abbreviation of `et alii' (masculine plural) or `et aliae' (feminine plural) or `et alia' (neuter plural) when referring to a number of people); the data reported by Smith et al. [syn: et al., et al, et alii, et aliae, et alia] 2: and elsewhere (used when referring to other occurrences in a text) [syn: et al., et al, et alibi Et cetera (English: / ɛ t ˈ s ɛ t ə r ə /, Latin: [ɛt ˈkeːtɛra]), abbreviated to etc., etc, et cet., &c. or &c is a Latin expression that is used in English to mean and other similar things, or and so forth. Translated literally from Latin, et means 'and', while cētera means 'the rest'; thus the expression means 'and the rest (of such things)'.. Et cetera is a calque of the Koine.
Background/Context: Earlier research on various forms of distance learning concluded that these technologies do not differ significantly from regular classroom instruction in terms of learning outcomes. Now that web-based learning has emerged as a major trend in both K-12 and higher education, the relative efficacy of online and face-to-face instruction needs to be revisited . v. FEC (19-2336 / 21-5081) Campaign Legal Center v. FEC (18-0053 / 20-5159) This information is not intended to replace the law or to change its meaning, nor does this information create or confer any rights for or on any person or bind the Federal Election Commission or the public Another closely-related pattern of ENSO-like decadal variability is the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO; Power et al., 1999; Folland et al., 2002, Parker et al. 2007; Henley et al. 2015). The IPO's definition varies, but is typically obtained as the leading EOF of decadal low-pass filtered SST* over the full Pacific basin or the. Compassion is a multi-dimensional process in which three elements of compassion form a tri-partite concept: noticing another person's suffering,empathically feeling that person's pain, and acting in a manner intended to ease the suffering (Dutton et al., 2006; Kanov et al., 2004; Miller, 2007). All of these elements are necessary, in. Bone RC, Balk RA, Cerra FB, et al. Definitions for sepsis and organ failure and guidelines for the use of innovative therapies in sepsis. Chest 1992 ;101: 1644 - 1655 Crossre
Ferreira FL, Bota DP, Bross A, et al (2002) Serial evaluation of the SOFA score to predict outcome in critically ill patients. JAMA 286:1754-1758. Google Scholar 21. Wilkinson JD, Pollack MM, Ruttiman, et al (1986) Outcome of pediatric patient with multiple organ system failure Crit Care Med 14:271-27 Definition. Surveys of the literature on innovation have found a variety of definitions. In 2009, Baregheh et al. found around 60 definitions in different scientific papers, while a 2014 survey found over 40. Based on their survey, Baragheh et al. attempted to define a multidisciplinary definition and arrived at the following definition Et Al Meaning. Et al. And all or such. You can be such and such a master. And from other people. Used when the list can be continued and comes from ET alii (masc). Most people use dll instead. For example: I looked at Rome, Paris and other major cities. ET AL means and is used when writing a group of authors who are co-authors of a book or article
et al. pronunciation. How to say et al.. Listen to the audio pronunciation in English. Learn more Only italicize et al., meaning and others, if it is referred to as a term, as the examples in this sentence and the question above show. In parenthetical citations and works-cited-list entries, the abbreviation should be set roman, as shown in the MLA Handbook (116, 22): (Burdick et al. 42) Burdick, Anne, et al. Digital_Humanities. MIT P, 2012. Work Sometimes, however, space issues limit the recognition you give to the authors of your sources. In this case, the Latin abbreviation et al., meaning and others, is essential. The sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association offers guidelines in the use of et al. to cite references et al. is a small restaurant on Llankelly Place, a bustling laneway joining Kings Cross to Potts Point . The restaurant is casual, down to earth and fun but also created with the highest standards for food, service and creativity in mind von Reumont et al. (2012). In a 2012 molecular study, von Reumont et al. challenge the monophyly of Vericrustacea: they present four versions of Pancrustacea cladogram (figures 1—4), and in all four figures Remipedia is a sister group to Hexapoda, and Branchiopoda is a sister group to (Remipedia + Hexapoda).Thus, their data strongly suggest that Branchiopoda is more closely related to.
Korber et al. (2020) and others (Hu et al., 2020; Ozono et al., 2020) found that the antibodies generated from natural infec-tion with viruses containing D614 or G614 could cross-neutralize, suggesting that the locus is not critical for antibody-mediated immunity. The D614G mutation is therefore unlikely to have a major impact on the efﬁcacy. A two-photon optical imaging experiment was performed based on the quantum nature of the signal and idler photon pairs produced in spontaneous parametric down-conversion. An aperture placed in front of a fixed detector is illuminated by the signal beam through a convex lens. A sharp magnified image of the aperture is found in the coincidence counting rate when a mobile detector is scanned in. It's about integrating individual clinical expertise and the best external evidence Evidence based medicine, whose philosophical origins extend back to mid-19th century Paris and earlier, remains a hot topic for clinicians, public health practitioners, purchasers, planners, and the public. There are now frequent workshops in how to practice and teach it (one sponsored by the BMJ will be held. Bernheim et al found that CT results can be negative in the early stages of COVID-19 , which might have been the case in 13 of 58 patients with COVID-19 whose CT scans were rated as CO-RADS 1 or 2 by at least one observer. Thus, a CO-RADS score of 1 or 2 should be interpreted with caution within the 1st days of disease presence Sally Sherman, et al. et seq. (et seek) n. abbreviation for the Latin phrase et sequentes meaning and the following. It is commonly used by lawyers to include numbered lists, pages or sections after the first number is stated, as in the rules of the road are found in Vehicle Code Section 1204, et seq. et ux. (et uhks) n. abbreviation for.
Latin abbreviations (et al., i.e., e.g., etc.) many statistical abbreviations (M, SD, SE, t, etc.) Define all other abbreviations. Although some may be familiar to your readers (e.g., RT for reaction time or ANOVA for analysis of variance), other readers not familiar with these terms will benefit from having the abbreviations explained The proposed definition of glaucomatous optic neuropathy has evolved from one initially developed for the Kongwa Eye Study in Tanzania. 1 At the same time, work in Mongolia and Singapore, 2, 3 where there was a high prevalence of primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG), had prompted a re-examination of the definition of this condition. We were.
It's Biden, et al. vs Merriam-Webster. Tuesday, April 13, 2021 | Chris Woodward (OneNewsNow.com) At the end of the day, infrastructure means infrastructure, Perkins writes. And if Joe Biden. Obtain estimated marginal means (EMMs) for many linear, generalized linear, and mixed models. Compute contrasts or linear functions of EMMs, trends, and comparisons of slopes. Plots and other displays. Least-squares means are discussed, and the term estimated marginal means is suggested, in Searle, Speed, and Milliken (1980) Population marginal means in the linear model: An alternative to.
Recommended Citation. Derrick, B., Russ, B., Toher, D., & White, P. (2017). Test statistics for the comparison of means for two samples that include both paired and. Background and objective The Atlanta classification of acute pancreatitis enabled standardised reporting of research and aided communication between clinicians. Deficiencies identified and improved understanding of the disease make a revision necessary. Methods A web-based consultation was undertaken in 2007 to ensure wide participation of pancreatologists Cross et al.  contextualized cultural competency as part of a continuum ranging from the most negative end of cultural destructiveness (e.g. attitudes, policies, and practices that are destructive to cultures and consequently to the individuals within the culture such as cultural genocide) to the most positive end of cultural proficiency (e.g. agencies that hold culture in high esteem, who. et alii. And others; used of men or boys, or groups of mixed gender; masculine plural; Usage notes . In some academic contexts, it may be appropriate to use the specific Latin form that would be used in Latin text, selecting the appropriate grammatical case. The abbreviation et al. finesses the need for such fastidiousness. Synonym
et al. 1997), engagement (May et al. 2004), and well-being (Campbell et al. 1976). Considerable evidence also suggests that meaningful work is associated with a series of desirable This article grew out of a panel discussion at the Society for Business Ethics Annual Meeting in Montreal, Canada, in 2010. The author (1) explore the definition of academic success in the literature to both evaluate and critique Kuh et al.'s definition, and (2) examine how academic success has been operationalized within educational research, specifically in light of Kuh et al.'s work. 2 Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation, Vol. 20 , Art. Zhang et al. (2004, 2006, 2007) based on ISCCP cloud data and other data in an advanced radiative code. In addition, estimates of surface radiation budgets have been given by Gupta et al. (1999) and used by Smith et al. (2002) and Wilber et al. (2006). These are based on earlier ISCCP data. Wild et al. (2006 SLEEP® is a peer-reviewed, international journal of sleep and circadian science, and is the official publication of the Sleep Research Society (SRS). The journal seeks to advance our understanding of sleep and circadian rhythms, as well as their contributions to health and disease. Impact Factor. 4.805
In another, more recent, example, Rodell et al. examined the mean global water cycle for the first decade of the twenty-first century by using various satellite-based and conventional data sets, with reanalysis used to fill certain gaps. Initially, they used the magnitudes of the components as given by the means over the first decade of the. The new definition and diagnostic criteria of Parkinson's disease. We thank The Lancet Neurology for highlighting the changes in Parkinson's disease diagnosis given in the new International Parkinson Disease and Movement Disorder Society diagnostic criteria. Building on 50 years of levodopa therapy. The criteria were created in response to the. The phrase et seq. is an abbreviation of the Latin et sequentes, or et sequential, which mean and the following.In written documents, et seq. is used to reference specific pages, sections, or list numbers within statutes, articles, regulations, or other works, to indicate that the information is continued in the sections, or on the pages, which immediately follow